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HomeIndiaBengaluru Bomb Blast: What Are Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)?

Bengaluru Bomb Blast: What Are Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)?

At least nine individuals were injured in an explosion at Rameshwaram Cafe in Bengaluru's Whitefield area. Initial investigations suggest that an improvised explosive device (IED) may have caused the blast.

1 March, 2024 : A recent explosion at Bengaluru’s Rameshwaram Cafe has sparked concerns about improvised explosive devices (IEDs). But what exactly are IEDs, and how do they work? Let’s break it down.

At least nine individuals were injured in an explosion at Rameshwaram Cafe in Bengaluru’s Whitefield area. Initial investigations suggest that an improvised explosive device (IED) may have caused the blast. Karnataka Chief Minister Siddaramaiah confirmed that CCTV footage showed a man leaving a bag in the cafe, indicating a deliberate act rather than a gas leak.

What Are IEDs?

An IED is essentially a homemade bomb. These devices can vary in complexity, ranging from simple pipe bombs to sophisticated explosives capable of causing significant destruction and casualties. The term “IED” gained prominence during the United States’ invasion of Iraq in 2003, where insurgents frequently used such bombs against coalition forces.

Components of an IED

IEDs typically consist of several components:

  • Initiator or triggering mechanism
  • Switch to arm the explosive
  • Main charge for the explosion
  • Power source for electronic initiators
  • Container for holding the components

Additionally, IEDs may contain shrapnel such as nails or glass to maximize damage upon detonation.

Materials Used

Common materials used in constructing IEDs include fertilizers like ammonium nitrate, gunpowder, and hydrogen peroxide. The mixing of certain liquids, restricted on commercial flights, could also potentially create IEDs on-site.

Damage Caused

The extent of damage caused by an IED depends on factors such as size, construction, and placement. While smaller devices are easier to conceal and transport, they generally cause less damage compared to larger ones, especially those deployed via vehicles.

Previous Instances

IEDs have been used in various attacks globally, including the 1993 Mumbai serial blasts and the 2008 Jaipur blasts. They’re also favored by insurgent groups like Maoists and Kashmiri militants for their effectiveness in causing chaos and casualties.

Conclusion

As investigations into the Bengaluru blast continue, understanding the nature of improvised explosive devices is crucial for preemptive measures and public safety awareness. Authorities must remain vigilant to prevent such incidents and ensure the safety of citizens.

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